Uranium’s August Glow
Month of August 2022
|Indicator||1 MO*||3 MO*||YTD*||1 YR||Analysis|
|U3O8 Uranium Spot Price1||8.73%||10.67%||24.45%||53.39%||Price has doubled from the level at the end of 2019.|
|Northshore Global Uranium Mining Index2||12.03%||14.71%||8.47%||34.62%||Rebound continues with second consecutive month of double-digit gains.|
Source: Bloomberg and Sprott Asset Management LP. Data as of August 31, 2022.
*Performance for periods under one year not annualized.
Uranium, both the physical spot price and uranium mining equities, had standout performance in August. Uranium’s strength provided a notable divergence from the weak performance of the broader markets. Equity, bond and the broader commodity markets posted negative performance for August, a month characterized by rising interest rates, persistently high inflation and thin market depth and trading liquidity. These macro factors were further amplified by Chair Jerome Powell’s comments at the Federal Reserve’s (the “Fed”) 2022 Economic Policy Symposium held in Jackson Hole, Wyoming. Powell stated that the Fed would continue to raise interest rates and hold them at a higher level until inflation was brought under control.
The U3O8 uranium spot price rose from $48.59 to $52.83 per pound in August, an 8.73% increase. In response, uranium equities climbed even higher, with the Northshore Global Uranium Mining Index (URNMX) gaining 12.03% for the month. The positive returns experienced by both physical uranium and uranium mining equities reflected the increased acceptance among global governments of nuclear power’s dual role in supporting the world’s energy transition away from dependence on fossil fuels and in ensuring higher energy security. Further, we believe the uranium market's outperformance in August reflected its unique micro factors and highlights the low correlation and diversification benefit potential of uranium equities.
As shown in Figure 1, the U3O8 uranium spot price has doubled in value since the beginning of 2020, posting a total gain of 115.29% for the period from January 1, 2020, to August 31, 2022, surpassing the performance of other asset classes.
Figure 1. Uranium Outperforms Other Asset Classes in the Short-Term (2020-2022)
Source: Bloomberg and Sprott Asset Management. Data as of 8/31/2022. Uranium Miners are measured by the Northshore Global Uranium Mining Index (URNMX index); U.S. Equities are measured by the S&P 500 TR Index; the U308 Spot Price is measured by a proprietary composite of U3O8 spot prices from TradeTech; U.S. Bonds are measured by the Bloomberg Barclays US Agg Total Return Value Unhedged USD Index (LBUSTRUU); Commodities are measured by the Bloomberg Commodity Index (LLCBCOM); and the U.S. Dollar is measured by DXY Curncy Index. You cannot invest directly in an index. Included for illustrative purposes only. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.
Global Sentiment Towards Nuclear Power Continues to Improve
Positive news headlines about the growing acceptance of nuclear power were abundant in August. Faced with the prospects of energy shortages and rocketing energy costs, many governments are turning to nuclear energy to provide reliable, affordable baseload energy. The energy crisis that many countries are facing provides the “political will” to galvanize public support for nuclear energy.
Uranium equities had a strong positive reaction to Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida’s announcement on August 24 that Japan wants to restart seven more nuclear reactors by summer 2023 and will explore the development and construction of innovative next-generation reactors as well as consider extending the life of existing nuclear reactors.3 Prime Minister Kishida further noted that “Nuclear power and renewables are essential to proceed with a green transformation” and that “Russia’s invasion changed the global energy situation”. Market participants had been patiently waiting for Japan to announce the restart of additional nuclear power plants to address its long-term energy needs.
South Korea was among the other countries that expressed greater commitment to nuclear energy in August. The South Korean government noted on August 30 that it planned to increase its percentage of total energy creation from nuclear to ~33% from a previous mid-term plan of 25%.4 In California, U.S., the nuclear power plant Diablo Canyon extension of life proposed by Governor Gavin Newsom has passed, representing a turnaround from the Governor's previous stance to close the plant.5 In addition, the Inflation Reduction Act in the U.S passed in August and will give existing nuclear power plants $15/MWh generated conditional on shortfalls in their revenues from other sources.6 While this would not be triggered at current wholesale prices, it is likely to help keep the fleet online if prices were to revert to lower levels.
Uranium’s Bullish Outlook
August's standout performance for physical uranium and uranium miners was a welcome exception in what has been a tough summer for most other asset classes. We believe, however, that the recent performance of uranium miners does not reflect the strong uranium market fundamentals. Year-to-date as of August 31, U3O8 conversion and enriched uranium prices have all significantly appreciated for both short- and long-term purchase contracts. Still, by contrast, the performance of uranium miners remains in the single digits. We believe that the current demand for uranium conversion and enrichment, coupled with a shift away from Russian suppliers supports an increase in the U3O8 uranium spot price, which is ultimately supportive for uranium miners.
This past summer saw numerous endorsements of nuclear energy from governments worldwide. In addition, other positive news continues to increase confidence, including the inclusion of nuclear energy in the EU taxonomy, Germany's rethinking of planned plant closures, the U.S. Department of Energy's announcement to buy $4.3 billion in enriched uranium from domestic producers and the G7's statement on reducing reliance on nuclear goods from Russia. We believe these strong developments will likely bolster greater investment in nuclear energy, physical uranium and uranium miners.
Looking beyond the significant positive short-term performance, we believe the uranium bull market still has a long way to run. Over the long term, increased demand in the face of an uncertain uranium supply is likely to support a sustained bull market. For investors, uranium miners have historically exhibited low/moderate correlation to many major asset classes, providing portfolio diversification potential.
Figure 2. Uranium Bull Market Continues
Note: A “bull market” refers to a condition of financial markets where prices are generally rising. A “bear market” refers to financial market conditions where prices typically fall.
Source: TradeTech Data as of 8/31/2022.
We continue to believe that physical uranium and uranium miners are well positioned to take share within the energy sector as energy security and decarbonization increase in importance. With the number of nuclear reactors planned to increase by 35%, governments are signaling the need to embrace the reliable, efficient, clean and safe energy produced by nuclear to meet ambitious decarbonization goals.7 At the same time, a uranium supply deficit remains entrenched and uranium miners may be the recipients of increased investment, which may in turn bring the market back into balance.
|1||The U3O8 uranium spot price is measured by a proprietary composite of U3O8 spot prices from UxC, S&P Platts and Numerco.|
|2||The North Shore Global Uranium Mining Index (URNMX) was created by North Shore Indices, Inc. (the “Index Provider”). The Index Provider developed the methodology for determining the securities to be included in the Index and is responsible for the ongoing maintenance of the Index. The Index is calculated by Indxx, LLC, which is not affiliated with the North Shore Global Uranium Miners Fund (“Existing Fund”), ALPS Advisors, Inc. (the “Sub-Adviser”) or Sprott Asset Management LP (the “Adviser”).|
|3||Source: Bloomberg, Threats of Blackouts Drive Japan to Embrace Nuclear Again. August 24, 2022.|
|4||Source: TradeTech Nuclear Market Review for the month ending August 31, 2022.|
|5||Source: YonHap News Agency, S. Korea to expand nuclear power generation to about 33 pct of total by 2030. August 30, 2022.|
|6||Source: Yahoo Finance, Nuclear policy 'U-turns' bullish for Canadian uranium producer Cameco. August 31, 2022.|
|7||Source: BNEF. U.S. Climate Bill Changes the Game for Two Key Sectors. August 8, 2022.|
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