The Rebirth of Gold as Money
The debate over gold’s place in a modern investment portfolio has been well covered. Call it the “Pet Rock” versus the “End of Fiat Currency” grudge match. But the facts are not subject to such intense interpretation. For example, the average annual performance of spot gold measured in the world’s nine leading fiat currencies has been positive in 17 of the past 19 years (Figure 1).
Figure 1. Gold’s Superior Performance as a Currency (2001 - 2019)
Annual Performance of Spot Gold Measured in Prominent Global Currencies
Average Gold Performance
|U.S. Dollar||Euro||Yuan||Rupee||Yen||Pound||CAD||AUD||Swiss Franc|
Source: World Gold Council. Data through Friday August 9, 2019.
Furthermore, gold’s liquidity ranks within the world’s top-10 most highly traded assets (Figure 2).
Figure 2. Gold Ranks Sixth Among Most Liquid Asset Classes of 2018
Source: World Gold Council.
Alas, the Pet Rock team has enjoyed one significant advantage, which is that fiat currencies can be created, moved electronically in seconds to settle transactions and held in accounts as easily as Instagram pics. Until recently, holders of fiat currencies also enjoyed positive rates of interest on their risk-free electronic stashes, a situation which is quickly being converted into an extraordinary form of taxation under the ruse of government-sponsored negative interest rates. Meanwhile, gold has suffered because of its relatively high storage and transaction costs, wide retail customer trading spreads, as well as an inability to use its physical form to settle consumer transactions.
For the 48 years since the Nixon Shock, in which gold was stripped of its convertibility into U.S. dollars, the marketplaces for fiat currencies have exploded in size. The growth of economies, inflation, global trade, financial markets, derivatives, electronic payment systems and internet commerce have been the primary drivers of this growth. Gold was left far behind as a traded asset, although it was still growing rapidly in both value and volume, and despite greatly improved accessibility within financial portfolios through the advent of gold ETFs (exchange-traded funds).
We believe that the nascent digitization of the ledger representing physical gold stored in qualified vaults will be a game changer in this debate.
There are currently many FinTech ventures which have developed products to competently represent certificated physical gold, and there is now a race to establish the leading standard and the volumes required to back them. These technologies range from verification to trading, to customer dealing platforms and payment cards.
The Golden Advantage
Gold is truly the perfect asset to be certified, subdivided, encrypted and utilized through the internet, inside or outside the financial system. Blockchain is, in turn, the ideal engine to provide this encryption. Qualified vaults that offer encrypted storage certificates include government-backed mints and qualified independent vaults (such as Brinks) located in safe jurisdictions such as Canada, Switzerland and Singapore.
Gold is already regulated internationally in an efficient manner, does not serve the purposes of money launderers or criminals and can readily be ESG certified. Gold producers will soon be able to sell their certified bullion output and pay gold dividends to their shareholders completely outside of the banking system, which is attractive to them.
From the perspective of efficiency, the use of digital gold takes the customer experience to an entirely new level. Purchase and sale spreads, storage fees, insurance and transfers from inside the banking system become non-issues. The ease of use and cost of using gold in fractions through modern payment cards will be no different than other currencies. Gold will have the added advantage of minimizing foreign currency fees when traveling or purchasing internationally.
Sooner rather than later, it is likely that large payment-processing or financial players will backstop one or more of these platforms with the result that this entire digital gold infrastructure could light up like a global electrical grid. Gold is a $7 trillion market and is simply too lucrative a target for the global financial and technology giants to ignore for long. With all the fuss about Facebook's Libra, a preemptive move seems like a no-brainer.
In all likelihood, this rollout would also have the effect of attracting an entirely new, and much larger, constituency to gold. Existing gold investors are mostly senior and wealthy. The largest financial market of all, global consumer household wealth, holds almost no current weighting in gold. The younger population likewise have minimal holdings.
To pose a question: Why would any household or individual safeguard their now non-yielding household and investment cash deposits, denominated in depreciating currencies, within a tremendously levered banking system? In other words, what person chooses reward-free risk, when they have a practical and, frankly, cool alternative for their choice of money?
An enormous transformation of the gold market can occur once digital gold attracts the volumes needed to make it a serious business.
Sprott has embarked on several new ventures that help promote the digital gold revolution. Please contact the Sprott Team at 888.622.1813 for more information, or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Insights from Sprott
More Insights from Sprott
Past performance is no guarantee of future results. You cannot invest directly in an index. Investments, commentary and statements are that of the author and may not be reflective of investments and commentary in other strategies managed by Sprott Asset Management USA, Inc., Sprott Asset Management LP, Sprott Inc., or any other Sprott entity or affiliate. Opinions expressed in this commentary are those of the author and may vary widely from opinions of other Sprott affiliated Portfolio Managers or investment professionals.
This content may not be reproduced in any form, or referred to in any other publication, without acknowledgment that it was produced by Sprott Asset Management LP and a reference to sprott.com. The opinions, estimates and projections (“information”) contained within this content are solely those of Sprott Asset Management LP (“SAM LP”) and are subject to change without notice. SAM LP makes every effort to ensure that the information has been derived from sources believed to be reliable and accurate. However, SAM LP assumes no responsibility for any losses or damages, whether direct or indirect, which arise out of the use of this information. SAM LP is not under any obligation to update or keep current the information contained herein. The information should not be regarded by recipients as a substitute for the exercise of their own judgment. Please contact your own personal advisor on your particular circumstances. Views expressed regarding a particular company, security, industry or market sector should not be considered an indication of trading intent of any investment funds managed by Sprott Asset Management LP. These views are not to be considered as investment advice nor should they be considered a recommendation to buy or sell. SAM LP and/or its affiliates may collectively beneficially own/control 1% or more of any class of the equity securities of the issuers mentioned in this report. SAM LP and/or its affiliates may hold short position in any class of the equity securities of the issuers mentioned in this report. During the preceding 12 months, SAM LP and/or its affiliates may have received remuneration other than normal course investment advisory or trade execution services from the issuers mentioned in this report.
The information contained herein does not constitute an offer or solicitation to anyone in the United States or in any other jurisdiction in which such an offer or solicitation is not authorized or to any person to whom it is unlawful to make such an offer or solicitation. Prospective investors who are not resident in Canada or the United States should contact their financial advisor to determine whether securities of the Funds may be lawfully sold in their jurisdiction.
The information provided is general in nature and is provided with the understanding that it may not be relied upon as, nor considered to be, the rendering or tax, legal, accounting or professional advice. Readers should consult with their own accountants and/or lawyers for advice on their specific circumstances before taking any action.
© 2023 Sprott Inc. All rights reserved.